Chronology of the Jewish People and Hanukkah

OVERVIEW OF JEWISH HISTORY

 

DATE EVENT
1700 BCE The Patriarchs: Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob
1700 BCE The Matriarchs: Sarah, Rebecca, Rachel and Leah
1300 BCE Exodus – Leaving Slavery in Egypt to enter the Promised Land
950 BCE First Temple Built
586 BCE First Temple Destroyed; Babylonian Exile
515 BCE Second Temple Built
167-164 BCE Maccabbee Revolt (Hasmonean Rebellion)
70 CE Destruction of Second Temple; Roman Exile
200 CE Compilation of the Mishnah
600 CE Compilation of the Babylonian Talmud
1096 CE First Crusade
1135-1204 CE Maimonides
1290 CE The Book of the Zohar
1492 Expulsion of Spanish Jewry
1525-1575 Revival of Kabbalah in Safed
1654 First Jews Arrive in the US (New Amsterdam) from Brazil
1729-1786 Moses Mendelsohn (forerunner of the Jewish Enlightenment)
1772 Rise of Eastern European Hasidism
1792 Jewish Emancipation in France
1770s-1880s Haskalah (Jewish Enlightenment)
1800-1900 Development of Reform, Orthodox, and Conservative Judaism
1882 First Aliyah (large-scale immigration, mainly from Russia)
1897 First Zionist Congress
1939-1945 The Holocaust
1948 Establishment of the State of Israel
1967 Six Day War; Reunification of Jerusalem
1979 Israel and Egypt Sign Peace Treaty
1984, 1985, 1991 Operations Moses, Joshua, and Solomon (Ethiopian Jews brought to Israel)
1998 ICQ (Instant Messenger) Sold to AOL – Major Catalyst for the Israeli Start-Up Economy
2004 350th Anniversary of American Jewish Life
2009 Start Up Nation Published
2013 Israel’s 65th Anniversary


The Hanukkah Chronology

DATE EVENT
3408/352 Athens defeat Persia at Marathon
Plato; Greek philosophy
Sparta defeats Athens
Second Temple built
3594/167 Philip of Macedon conquers Athens and controls Greece
Alexander the Great rules Macedonia/Greece
Alexander dies; Ptolemies control Egypt and Israel
Seleucid Syrian/Greeks conquer Israel
Greek decrees against Judaism; desecration of Temple
3595/167 Mattityahu begins Maccabee Revolt (Hasmonean Rebellion) in Modin
3596/166 Mattityahu dies; Judah Maccabee leads Hasmonean family and war against Greeks
3597/165 Temple recaptured; miracle of the oil occurs
165-140 Jewish war against the Greeks continues
140-36 Hasmonean dynasty
3698/63 Rome conquers Jerusalem

Related Posts

What’s in a Name? 5 Things to Know About Han... According to tradition, Hanukkah, or the “Festival of Dedication,” celebrates the re-dedication of the Temple in Jerusalem after its defilement by...
A Hanukkah Heroine: The Story of Judith Pictured above: Judith carrying the head of Holofernes. Artist: Michelangelo, Sistine Chapel Ceiling, Vatical City, c. 1512. Judith was one of the...
Fun Torah Test 3 – Over the Top What does the Torah say about Food during the Story of Exodus? Answer: The Torah describes the food of the Exodus as the Food of Slavery, and the F...
Who are the Ashkenazi? Who are the Sephardim? The Ashkenazi Jews who ended up in Modern Europe, Eastern Europe and Central Europe are called the Ashkenazi. They created communities from England t...
What is the Story of Hanukkah? Many of us are more familiar with the symbols of the Hanukkah holiday — the Menorah, the dreidel, the latkes — than the story behind the holiday itsel...